Monasteries and Monastic Orders

Monasteries and Monastic Orders

2000 Years of Christian Art and Culture
Language: English
Layout: more than 700 illustrations, four-color throughout, hardcover with jacket
Pages: 432
Size: 23,4 x 32,4 cm/12,75 x 9,25 inches

Price: 19,95 €
19,95 £
39,99 $


ISBN: 978-3-8480-0063-0
How did the monks, nuns and hermits live? What rules did they agree to obey? To what extent were they able to uphold those ideals in reality? What was the relationship between the monasteries and wordly authorities? And what was the source of the power that the religious orders were able to exercise in political affairs at various times? Are the remarkable cultural accomplishments of the cloisters simply the fruits of great self-discipline, or did they also result from a privileged way of life? Who were the men and women who entered monasteries? Knowledgeable responses to these and many other questions, in conjunction with the opulent illustrations, make this an impressive volume that is destined to become a standard on the subject.

Table of Contents

Early Monasticism
The Significance of Monasticism in the Christian Religion
The Beginnings of Christianity
Asceticism and Abstinence
Egypt: Pachomius,Anthony, and the Hermits of Kellia
The Beginnings of Monasticism in the West
Augustine
Martin of Tours
The Provence Monasteries, the Rhône Valley, and the Rule of the Master
Benedict of Nursia

Monasticism in the Early Middle Ages
The End of the Roman Empire
The New Role of the Monasteries
Development of the Successor States of the Roman Empire
Italy
Hispania
Clovis’s Frankish Kingdom
Ireland, Land of Missionaries
Britannia
Columban and Hiberno-Frankish Monasticism
The Anglo-Saxon Mission
Monasteries in the Carolingian Empire: Between Imperial Service and Monastic Reform
Benedict of Aniane
The Monasteries and their Inhabitants
Groups of Churches
Double Choir Churches
Processional Liturgy
The St. Gallen Monastery Plan—the Ideal Monastery
Prosperity and Ruin
Individual Monasteries
Monastic Book Illumination in the Middle Ages

Benedictine Monasticism in the High Middle Ages
The State of the Monasteries and the Monastic Reforms of the 10th Century
The Lotharingian Reforms
Cluny
England’s Monastic Reform: the Regularis Concordia
Monastic Reform as Ongoing Process
Odilo’s Cluny: the Angel-like Monks as the Saviours of Souls
The Cluniac Monastery Network
Cluniac Monastery Complexes
Cluny’s Spiritual and Secular Roles: the Myth and the Reality
High Medieval Monasticism in Conflict with Cluny
Imperial Territory
France
England
Southern France and Spain
Individual Monasteries
The Cloister—Center of the Monastery
Pilgrimage and the Cult of Relics

Hermitic Lifestyles and other Reform Movements of the 11th Century
Hermitism
The Camaldulians
The Vallombrosans
The Carthusians
Individual Monasteries
The Canons Regular

The New Orders of the 12th Century
The Cistercians
The Founding of Cîteaux
First Affiliations and the Development of the Order
The Cistercian Way of Life: its Impact on Monastery Complexes and the Liturgy
The Expansion of the Order
The Founding of Cistercian Monasteries: Methods, Organization, and Buildings
Regulations on Art and Architecture
The Monastery Economy and the Expansion of the Order
The Success of the Cistercians
Individual Monasteries
Ora et labora—a Day in the Life of a Monk c. 1200
Fountain Houses—the Significance of Water
The Premonstratensians
Development and Expansion of the Order
Premonstratensian Characteristics
Individual Monasteries

The Military Orders
The Pilgrimage to Jerusalem and the Crusades
The Templars
The Knights of St. John
The Teutonic Knights
Military Orders on the Iberian Peninsula
Individual Monasteries

Female Orders
Dependency on Male Clerics
Nunneries and Female Priories
The Social Functions of Nunneries
The New Orders
Double Monasteries
Beguines
Convent and Enclosure
Convent Life
Nuns’ Mystical Visions
Individual Monasteries
Monastery Gardens in the Middle Ages

The Mendicant Orders
Vita Apostolica
Town Life and Lay Piety
The Franciscans
Development of the Order and the Poverty Dispute
The Dominicans
Order Structure and Life
Female Branches of the Franciscans and the Dominicans
The Hermits of St. Augustine and the Carmelites
Monasteries/Convents and Churches of the Mendicant Orders
Monastery Layouts
Churches
Interior Decoration
Visual Propaganda
Individual Monasteries

Byzantine Monasticism
Comparison of Western and Eastern Monasteries
Early Byzantine Monasticism
Constantinople,Theodore Studites, and the Icon Controversy
Monastic Landscapes and Monastery Settlements on the Mountains and Islands
Byzantine Monastery Architecture, Memorial Foundations, and Cultural Identity

The Late Middle Ages, the Reformation, and the Counter-Reformation
Monastic Reform in the Late Middle Ages
The Reformation
The Counter-Reformation and Catholic Reform
The Jesuits

The Culmination of Benedictine Baroque
Monastery Life in the Baroque Era: the Benedictine Congregations and Scholarship
The St. Maur Congregation
Benedictine Scholarship outside France
Historical Awareness and Baroque Building Mania
Orchestration of the Faith
Individual Monasteries

Monasticism and Life in Religious Orders in the 19th and 20th Centuries
Secularization and its Consequences
The Trappists
The Salesians of Don Bosco
The Sisters of St.Vincent (Sisters of Charity of St.Vincent de Paul)
Solesmes and Beuron
La Tourette: Modern Architecture as an Expression of Monastic Spirituality
Taizé
Hermits—The Great Solitude

Appendices
The most important Catholic Orders
Glossary
Biographies
Bibliography
Index of Persons
Index of Place Names
Image Credits

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